A.W. Pink helpfully shows a few ways the First Adam prepares us for the second.
Adam and Jesus Entered the World Miraculously. “Adam…entered this world in a manner that none other ever did. Without being begotten by a human father, he was miraculously produced by God; so with Christ.”
Adam and Jesus Entered the World Without Sin or Corruption. “None but Adam of the human family entered this world with a pure constitution and holy nature; so was it with Christ.”
Adam and Jesus Both Had Their Wives Come from Them. “(Adam’s) wife was taken out of him, so that he could say, “This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh” (Gen. 2:23); of Christ’s bride it is declared, “We are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones” (Eph. 5:30).”
Adam and Jesus Came Alongside Their Fallen Brides. “Adam voluntarily took his place alongside of his fallen wife. He was not deceived (1 Tim. 2:14), but had such a love for Eve that he could not see her perish alone; just so Christ voluntarily took on Himself the sins of His people (cf. Eph. 5:25).”
Adam and Jesus Bore the Curse of God. “In consequence of this, Adam fell beneath the curse of God; in like manner Christ bore the curse of God (cf. Gal. 3:13).”
Adam and Jesus Are Both the Heads of Their People. “The father of the human family was their federal head; so is Christ, the “last Adam,” the federal head of His people.”
Adam and Jesus Imputed Their Works to Their People. “What Adam did is imputed to the account of all those whom he represented; the same is true of Christ. “For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous” (Rom. 5:19).”
This list is taken from Divine Covenants by A.W. Pink.